Disha S Kumar, Jyoti Gupta, Kavya S, Kartheeka MG, Raksha Revanna and Ashmita J
Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) in patients admitted to the Pediatric department at a tertiary care hospital.
Methods: This was a questionnaire-based case-control study conducted in Department of Paediatrics and 200 patients were included in the study. 100 were cases and 100 were controls respectively.
Results: In the present study, 70% of males were infected with CAP in contrast to 30% of females. The majority of the cases (65%) belonged to the urban locality. Lower socioeconomic status, lower maternal and paternal education, overcrowding and indoor air pollution were associated with CAP.
Conclusion: Concentrated efforts are needed to strengthen the health facilities and immunization coverage in the population. Public awareness should also be increased to improve the better utilization of available resources.
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