A clinico-epidemiological study of snakebite among children in a rural medical college from eastern India
Dr. Surjit Naik, Dr. Bidyut Kumar Khuntdar, Dr. Mahesh Prasad Mohanta, Dr. Sumon Mondal
Background: Snakebite is a neglected tropical disease and one of the major causes of mortality in developing countries like India. Methods: A cross-sectional hospital based study was done among paediatric population admitted to the hospital with history of snakebite. Results: Deaths due to snakebite were 2.8% of total death. Most of the cases were during monsoon (55%) and from rural area (93%). Only 13.6% patients came to hospital within 6 hours. Prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time were prolonged in 36.67% and 33.33% cases respectively. The 20-minute Whole Blood Clotting Test (WBCT20) was positive in 47.6% of poisonous snakebites and in 63.6% of vasculotoxic snakebites. 62% cases recovered with 10 vials of ASV, however some needed >20 vials. Conclusion: Epidemiological data are vital for evaluation of exact scenario of snakebite cases. Poor health care seeking behaviour of community increases mortality.
Dr. Surjit Naik, Dr. Bidyut Kumar Khuntdar, Dr. Mahesh Prasad Mohanta, Dr. Sumon Mondal. A clinico-epidemiological study of snakebite among children in a rural medical college from eastern India. International Journal of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2019, Pages 11-14